Blood Glucose Levels Canada

It is accepted knowledge that exercise is beneficial, and a necessary part of type 2 diabetes management. Now a new study is showing that combining aerobic and weight training exercise without increasing exercise time will not only help with weight loss, but with lowering blood sugar levels as well.

Blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin, which takes glucose out of the blood and moves it to cells where it can be used as energy. In people with type 2 diabetes the body does not properly use insulin, or does not produce enough to start with. Without insulin doing its job properly, glucose builds up in bloodstream.
When left unmanaged, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health issues, such as vision problems, heart and kidney disease, and stroke.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the comparison for blood glucose levels between Canada and the US.?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, blood sugar is measured in milligrams per deciliter. Normal blood sugar is between about 100 to about 130 for a person without diabetes. It always stays at this level. Again blood sugars in that area are the ideal for anyone with diabetes. This is what they strive to maintain. Below 80 or so is low blood sugar and can cause other symptoms such as blurry vision, tiredness, confusion and possible fainting. Hi blood sugar (over 200) is when the sugar begins to spill into the urine. Hope this answers the question.

  2. QUESTION:
    which is the best one to buy a blood glucose level monitor?
    Hi I am living in canada? I want to buy a blood glucose level monitor for my father. My father is living in india.one of my friend told if u buy the machine in canada it shows the unit like 1, 2.3…., but in india it shows like 100. 120…… and my friend told u can also buy it here the only thing is u have to multiply the unit in 20 (if it shows 6 means 6multiply 20=120) is it correct ?I searched in the internet it shows u have to multiply with 18. which one is correct? give me the solution please. and which is the best machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Whatever monitor you buy, you should be able to choose the correct setting. India uses the “mg/dL” just like the US does. I see Canada uses the “mmol/L” setting. You simply choose it when you are setting up the date and the time. So any good monitor will have that option. http://www.abbottdiabetescare.com.au/diabetes-faq-measure-units.php

      You want to be sure that you can either send your dad the test strips or that he can buy them.

      As far as the best monitor, check out this article on things to consider when purchasing a monitor.

      http://www.dlife.com/dLife/do/ShowContent/blood_sugar_management/testing/

      Good luck to your dad.

  3. QUESTION:
    Do we need a glucose meter?
    My dad was just newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. He has been prescribed metformin. Do we need to buy a glucose monitor for him so he can monitor blood glucose levels?

    We live in Canada.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, he needs to know his sugar levels, and keep
      track of them, so he can learn how he feels, and
      what he needs to do to get him back where he
      needs to be.

      In Canada, they usually send you to diabetes school
      Why hasn’t he gone? This is a life and death
      disease, he needs all the info he can get

  4. QUESTION:
    Swollen bump on the neck?
    I have felt a little bump on the neck on the left side of my neck I don’t think that it’s cancer because I felt it in March and it is the exact same size as it was before, I have no weakness or any other symptoms pointing towards cancer, which I would most likely have given how the location runs near a crap-load of nerves, veins and other crap. It is located only slightly lower than my ear lobe and is around 2 centimeters from the cervical section of my spine to the left. I feel perfectly healthy; my blood pressure, heart rate all of that are normal except for this. I’m also 15 and rarely get sick suggesting a fully functional immune system lowering the likelihood of cancer. I was wondering if it was a possibly swollen lymph node causing me to have this. It doesn’t hurt or anything so I think that it’s ok and don’t think that i should worry about it. Other than asking a doctor (which i will so don’t bother telling me this, i live in canada it’s free!)
    I also have postural hypotension (i get dizzy if i quickly stand up after lying down for a prolonged period of time) but i don’t think its related i’m just very sensitive about my blood glucose levels and feel like crap if they get really lower and my functionality plummets.
    If neccessary here are my vital statistics.
    Weight: 136 lbs
    Height: 5’8 and 1/3 of an inch
    Gender: Male
    Age: 15
    Any explanations I feel ok and it hasn’t changed so i don’t think that I have anything to worry about but I’m curious.

    • ANSWER:
      Yeah sounds like swollen nymph glands. It should heal itself, but if it starts to hurt or still is there after two months, go to the doctor.

  5. QUESTION:
    Diabetes and Insulin on Beer Question.?
    My dad who is 49 and had diabetes for the last 15-25 years drank alot today. He had 9 shots of jack daniel’s whiskey and 4 Budweiser. He usually takes 20 units of insulin every night. Do I give him insulin tonight? I just checked his blood glucose level and it’s 4.8mmol(canadian blood glucose machine). That is actually considered normal here in canada. So do I give him insulin… or no? Will his blood glucose decrease overnight? Cuz if his blood glucose level drops, he gets crazy and acts like a little kid and also gets violent sometimes. I don’t want his blood glucose level dropping so I am not planning on giving him the insulin, but will it get higher overnight or lower overnight? and should i feed him a cookie or something? Yes he had a good dinner and before that he drank. I just checked his glucose level and it’s at 4.8mmol 1 hour after dinner.

    Let me know what the best thing to do is? He’s currently sleeping.

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol LOWERS blood sugar as shown by his low sugar level.
      Never inject anyone with anything you don’t understand.
      If he cannot wake up to eat good solid carbs and water, call an ambulance.

  6. QUESTION:
    I am insulin resistance – a side effect of PCOS – anyone have any good recomendations for suitible diet?
    Definition
    Insulin resistance is not a disease as such but rather a state or condition in which a person’s body tissues have a lowered level of response to insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas that helps to regulate the level of glucose (sugar) in the body. As a result, the person’s body produces larger quantities of insulin to maintain normal levels of glucose in the blood. There is considerable individual variation in sensitivity to insulin within the general population, with the most insulin-sensitive persons being as much as six times as sensitive to the hormone as those identified as most resistant. Some doctors use an arbitrary number, defining insulin resistance as a need for 200 or more units of insulin per day to control blood sugar levels. Various researchers have estimated that 3-16 percent of the general population in the United States and Canada is insulin-resistant; another figure that is sometimes given is 70-80 million Americans.
    Insulin resistance can be thought of as a set of metabolic dysfunctions associated with or contributing to a range of serious health problems. These disorders include type 2 diabetes (formerly called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes), the metabolic syndrome (formerly known as syndrome X), obesity, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Some doctors prefer the term “insulin resistance syndrome” to “metabolic syndrome.”
    Description
    To understand insulin resistance, it may be helpful for the reader to have a brief account of the way insulin works in the body. After a person eats a meal, digestive juices in the small intestine break down starch or complex sugars in the food into glucose, a simple sugar. The glucose then passes into the bloodstream. When the concentration of glucose in the blood reaches a certain point, the pancreas is stimulated to release insulin into the blood. As the insulin reaches cells in muscle and fatty (adipose) tissues, it attaches itself to molecules called insulin receptors on the surface of the cells. The activation of the insulin receptors sets in motion a series of complex biochemical signals within the cells that allow the cells to take in the glucose and convert it to energy. If the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the insulin receptors do not function properly, the cells cannot take in the glucose and the level of glucose in the blood remains high.
    The insulin may fail to bind to the insulin receptors for any of several reasons. Some persons inherit a gene mutation that leads to the production of a defective form of insulin that cannot bind normally to the insulin receptor. Others may have one of two types of abnormalities in the insulin receptors themselves. In type A, the insulin receptor is missing from the cell surface or does not function properly. In type B, the person’s immune system produces autoantibodies to the insulin receptor.
    In the early stages of insulin resistance, the pancreas steps up its production of insulin in order to control the increased levels of glucose in the blood. As a result, it is not unusual for patients to have high blood sugar levels and high blood insulin levels (a condition known as hyperinsulinemia) at the same time. If insulin resistance is not detected and treated, however, the islets of Langerhans (the insulin-secreting groups of cells) in the pancreas may eventually shut down and decrease in number.

    • ANSWER:
      The information offered by Crayon Girl is good. The foods that she’s telling you to avoid are high glycaemic index (GI) foods.

      Ideally you should be aiming to eat smaller meals, of low glycaemic index foods, but more frequently. So, instead of having 3 main meals in a day, you could try breaking this down to 6 smaller meals a day, with a few hours between them. This lessons the chances of you having a ‘sugar spike’ where your blood sugar level rises rapidly, causing your pancreas to release more insulin in an attempt to deal with it.

      Take a look at the following sites for more information on the Glycaemic Index [Glycemic Index, if you're American].

      The first site gives a list of the top 50 foods (though I don’t know who chose that 50) with their respective glycaemic index values.

      Edit:

      The lower the glycaemic index value, the less likely you are to produce more insulin in dealing with it.